Lobster Insights

Exploring the Fascinating World of Blue Lobsters: Facts, Myths, and Unusual Discoveries

Lobsters are one of the most popular seafood delicacies in the world, but did you know that some of them are blue? Blue lobsters are a rare phenomenon that occurs due to a genetic mutation that causes them to produce more of a certain protein than others. This protein gives them a stunning sapphire hue that makes them stand out from the crowd. In this article, we will explore the fascinating world of blue lobsters, including their facts, myths, and unusual discoveries.

What are blue lobsters?

Blue lobsters are not a different species of lobster, but rather a variation of the American or European lobster. American lobsters (Homarus americanus) are typically murky brown, green, or light orange, while European lobsters (Homarus gammarus) have dark navy blue or purple coloring. However, in both species, there is a chance that a lobster will inherit a genetic defect that results in the overproduction of a protein called crustacyanin. This protein binds to another pigment called astaxanthin, which is normally responsible for the red color of cooked lobsters. The combination of crustacyanin and astaxanthin creates a blue complex that reflects blue light and makes the lobster appear blue12.

How rare are blue lobsters?

Blue lobsters are extremely rare, with an estimated chance of one in two million12. This means that for every two million lobsters caught, only one will be blue. However, this statistic is not based on scientific data, but rather on anecdotal reports from fishermen and lobstermen. Therefore, it is possible that blue lobsters are more or less common than we think. Some factors that may affect the frequency of blue lobsters are:

  • The geographic location and habitat of the lobsters
  • The availability and quality of food sources for the lobsters
  • The environmental conditions and water temperature for the lobsters
  • The genetic diversity and population size of the lobsters

What are some myths and legends about blue lobsters?

Blue lobsters have been regarded as a sign of good luck, fortune, or blessing by many cultures and communities. For example, in some Native American tribes, blue lobsters were considered sacred animals that could grant wishes or heal diseases3. In some European countries, blue lobsters were seen as a symbol of royalty or nobility, and were reserved for special occasions or guests3. In some Asian countries, blue lobsters were believed to have magical powers or spiritual significance, and were used for rituals or ceremonies3.

However, not all myths and legends about blue lobsters are positive. Some people believe that blue lobsters are cursed or unnatural creatures that bring bad luck or misfortune. For example, in some parts of New England, blue lobsters were thought to be the result of witchcraft or demonic influence3. In some parts of Africa, blue lobsters were feared as evil spirits or monsters that could harm or kill humans3. In some parts of Australia, blue lobsters were avoided as poisonous or venomous animals that could cause illness or death3.

What are some unusual discoveries of blue lobsters?

Blue lobsters have been discovered in various places and times around the world, often making headlines and attracting attention. Here are some examples of unusual discoveries of blue lobsters:

  • In 2022, a fisherman in Jersey found a blue lobster in one of his 400 pots and decided to release it back into the ocean to help conserve the species1.
  • In 2020, a Red Lobster restaurant in Ohio received a blue lobster in their product supply and donated it to a local zoo instead of serving it to customers2.
  • In 2019, two fishermen in Maine caught two blue lobsters within a week of each other and donated them to an aquarium4.
  • In 2018, a fisherman in Nova Scotia caught a rare half-blue half-orange lobster and kept it as a pet4.
  • In 2016, a fisherman in Scotland caught a bright blue lobster and sold it to a restaurant for £5004.


Blue lobsters are fascinating creatures that have captivated humans for centuries. They are rare anomalies that occur due to a genetic mutation that affects their coloration. They have inspired various myths and legends that reflect their cultural and historical significance. They have also been involved in some unusual discoveries that showcase their beauty and rarity. Blue lobsters are truly one of nature’s wonders that deserve our admiration and respect.